Earth Sciences

A special with great influence on the philosophy of this period importance above all literary-oriented educational movement of Renaissance humanism. > Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German philosopher of the enlightenment. Kant is one of the most important representatives Western philosophy. His critique of pure reason marks a turning point in the history of philosophy and the beginning of modern philosophy. …

This includes his influence on the theory of knowledge with the critique of pure reason, but also on ethics Act with the critique of practical reason and the aesthetics with the critique of judgement. Font major also wrote Kant to the religions-, law and philosophy, as well as contributions to astronomy and Earth Sciences. > The enlightenment was a period in the modern Western philosophy. It stands for the attempt to eliminate ambiguity, by acquiring new knowledge to answer questions and resolve errors. Historically, is mainly political, scientific and social developments in Europe and North America since the wars of religion, whose achievements already in the 18th century were epochal regarded as one voice and speaks in different areas of the history of an age of enlightenment. Relevant in German Cultural area is the definition: enlightenment is the output of the people from his self-inflicted immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to control his mind without a line of another.”> George Santayana (1863-1952) was a Spanish philosopher, writer, and literary critic. Santayana is one of the most influential representatives of the American philosophy of the 20th century and is regarded as a leading representative of the critical realism. > The critical realism is an especially cosmological, philosophical and epistemological base position who assumes that a real world exists, which corresponds to the sensory perception, but (in contrast to the naive realism) by the way and not immediately and directly identifiable is the human perception, to what extent correspond with the phenomena resulting from the processing of human.

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