Science Knowledge

Intent the questions and transformations of its time, nobody better of the Occam demonstrated to the fragility of the mediaes between the Christian theology and the aristotelian and agostinianos elements of the philosophy. Ali Partovi addresses the importance of the matter here. Cliente of the subordination of the philosophy for the theology, Occam weaves critical to the complex Metaphysical and gnosiolgicos systems constructed by S. Toms de Aquino (1225-1274), S. Boaventura (1221-1274) and Of a Scotus (1265-1308). In this direction, what Occam operates is the separation of the Christian theology and the medieval philosophy, conceiving them as different and anti-symmetrical fields of knowing.

For the demonstration impossibility of the truths of the faith for any form of rational intervention, Occam appeals to the study of the properties logical and the rational facultieses to free the reason of the dogma catholic: ' ' the scope of the disclosed truths radically is deducted to the kingdom from the knowledge racional' ' (REALE, 1990, P. 615). Pledged in some sources of the knowledge, from the independence of the faith and the reason, applied in the autonomy proposal for the philosopher of the theological and philosophical fields, that is, the secular power and spiritual of the theology represented in the Church Roman and the laicizao of the knowledge by means of the logic and the empirismo, Occam appears as a legitimate scientist and of its theories, over all physical, it make a speeches on the individual and its existence, the intellectual cognition and its methodology, and the future of the Church and the Science caused for the overcoming of the faith catholic on the reason human being. 1. THEORY OF THE IMMEDIATE KNOWLEDGE. The initial point for the agreement of the beginning of Occam is conception made for the philosopher concerning its theory of the immediate knowledge. Sounding dissonante of the choir of the scholastic philosophy and the medieval theology, Occam will unfold a necessary speech, from the cognitiva distinction, on the proper concept of scentia.

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