Almost a third of that what Universities offer is in the field of humanities and social sciences, little more than a quarter in the basic sciences and only a third more in engineering, technology and medical sciences (Sebastian, 2001). Brazil the Latin American country with the highest share (1.5%) has the world’s scientific articles, followed by Mexico (0.7%), Argentina (0.6%) and Colombia (0.1%). Within OECD countries, Mexico participates with 0.7%, compared with 34% U.S., 9.5% for Japan and 3.5% in Spain. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Mashable. (Palacio, 2005, CONACYT, 2003). The majority of doctoral training programs offer training in research and attempt to integrate the advancement of knowledge with the ability to offer a solution to the problems of social and economic environment, tend to take a sequence in the supply and programming (a master as a requirement to continue to a doctoral program) foster teacher-centered methodologies rather than the student and agree that the purpose of a doctoral program is to provide preparation for original research to generate significant contributions to the body of knowledge, playing different levels of complexity in order to advance knowledge, move or increase the frontiers of knowledge in one or more disciplines.
We are supported in summary, when the need for a review of the scope of the programs in Latin America, consider the well indicated by Cruz Cardona, it is necessary to have a more serious post-graduate academic offerings by providing a substantial improvement in quality, but also by structural changes in training curricula to ensure a reasonable articulation between science, innovation and productive environments. Viacom shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. This implies, of course, that national development plans set as a priority the training of university teachers and researchers with doctoral level and the generation of critical mass to the long term, develop training programs for doctors and researchers, particularly in those younger or emerging areas of development as applied sciences, medical sciences. . .