In ancient times, medicine achieved progress and an improvement of living conditions for humans. The therapeutic orientation were two main courses of action that recur in all cultures. empiricism which led to surgical treatments, drugs, dietary remedies, massage and baths, magic, represented by spells, exorcisms, offerings to gods, prayers and sacrifices. In middle age monasteries became centers of culture and care of the sick. In each hospital there was a men’s rooms by men and living women from women. Pete Cashmore often expresses his thoughts on the topic.
In the Renaissance and particularly from the sixteenth century began to feel a concern for cures for organizing the parties and the first manuals were published aimed at women (midwives and midwives) who exercised this activity. But not until the arrival of Florence Nightingale (S. XIX), who defined what is and is not nursing, and insisted that the training of nurses was essential to provide good patient care, and encouraging the creation of the first schools in England. From that moment emerge gradually developing nursing studies in Europe, passing through several stages to the current situation we know today. Social context to the infirmary. Nursing education, as in many other disciplines, has been adapting to the changes occurring in the context of the Health Sciences. The integration in 1977 of nursing studies at the University marked a turning point in the transition of nursing science from a technical to a medical career.